Welcome to Web 2point0!

Please define the terms below by editing and saving the page. Who defines what term is on a first come, first serve basis. If you would like to "save" a term while you are working on the definition, type your name beside the term and let everyone know you're workin on it! Likewise, if you want to let everyone know the term that you are going to add to our dictionary so that it doesn't get duplicated, add the term (in alphabetical order) and put your name beside it. This will "reserve" the term while you are working on it and make sure that we don't duplicate work. See the wiki definition at the bottom as an example. If you have any questions about this assignment please use the discussion forum on this page. Enjoy!

*Note, Please add your name after the term so that we can easily see who authored the definition. Thanks!!

Dictionary of Terms

ActiveMovie - Sukhadev
It is a multimedia streaming technology developed by Microsoft. ActiveMovie is already built into the Internet Explorer browser will be part of future versions of the Windows operating system. Supporting most http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/A/ActiveMovie.html#|multimedia formats, including MPEG, ActiveMovie enables users to view multimedia content distributed over the Internet, an intranet, or CD-ROM.

Anchors - Cindy
Anchors are used to mark specific loations within a document. Once an anchor is placed in a location, you can create a link to that spot. They are also often referred to as bookmarks. The term Anchor also relates to standard links from one page to another - these links are marked by an Anchor Tag or A tag.

  • the same as hyperlinks--the underlined words or phrases you click on in World Wide Web documents to jump to another part of the screen or page.
  • Anchors are links internal to the page. They help the visitor skip to the information he or she wants, rather than scrolling to find it. Anchors are employed in lengthy pages, often with an index of the page's anchors at the top of the page. An example of an anchored page is our AZ Index.
(Barb) Optimizing Anchor Text of External Links
Keywords within the anchor text are equally useful from links pointing to your website. If you are pursuing or considering a link building campaign, put some serious thought in writing multiple options of the title and description of the link pointing to your website.

The "title" which is usually used as the hyper-linked text, should contain your important keywords. It is good to work with ten different options of title and description as it not only gives you more room to play with several keywords, but it also helps search engines give you a wider keyword coverage.

When soliciting external links, it is better to provide your own "cut and paste" HTML code. Webmasters like it when a ready to paste HTML code is available for them to use, to provide a link to your website.
**Anchor** Text Optimization

Ajax - Carley
Ajax was a Greek hero in the Trojan War. He was the son of Telamon, King of Salamis. When Achilles had withdrawn from fighting at Troy, it was Ajax who went to fight Hector in single combat. After Achilles' death, Ajax competed with Odysseus for the ownership of Archilles' armor. Both men delivered speeches explaining their own merits, but Odysseus was more eloquent and won the prize. Ajax was driven mad by his disappointment and eventually committed suicide.

[Carley] Ajax is a buzzword that descripes a collection of Web-oriented programming technologies for creating Web applications that behave more like traditional computer programs. Ajax stands for "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML". Adaptive Path, a San Francisco Web design consulting firm, is credited with coining the term.

A Web application built with Ajax efficiently delivers additional information to a browser when someone clicks on a button or moves the mouse over a part of the page, without refreshing the entire page. A good example of this is Netflix, a video rental company. Netflix uses Ajax to automatically pop up a movie's synopsis, complete with a thumbnail image of the movie poster, when a customer moves a cursor over titles in a list of search results. Previously, the site required loading to a brand new page if a user wanted to find out more about a movie.

Javascript is a programming language that provides the interactive features of Ajax; it manages what happens when someone clicks the mouse. The "asynchronous" part of Ajax uses a piece of software created by Microsoft in 1997, written in eXtensible Markup Language (XML), that retrieves data from a web server only when it's requested by the person viewing a page instead of all at once when a page is first loaded, as eith conventional Web pages. Ajax is really labor intensive and very hard to do. It will get easier.

[Sukhadev] AJAX- Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, it is a term that describes a new approach to using a number of existing technologies together, including the following: HTML or XHTML, Cascading Style Sheets, JavaScript, the Document Object Model, XML, XSLT, and the XMLHttpRequest object. When these technologies are combined in the Ajax model, web applications are able to make quick, incremental updates to the user interface without reloading the entire browser page.

source: Baseline Magazine

Asynchronous Communication - Joel
According to Wikipedia, Asynchronous Communication is sending data without synchronization to an external clock. The asynchronous communication technique is a physical layer transmission technique which is most widely used for personal computers providing connectivity to printers, modems, fax machines, etc. The most significant aspect of asynchronous communications is that the transmitter and receiver are independent and are not synchronised.

So, Asynchronous Communication is a transmissiont technique that allows data to be sent from a computer to a printer, modem, fax machine, etc... This data is sent along a single line in a series of bits.


Blog or Weblog - Barb
A blog is ramadan kareem where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order. Anyone can participate and it has become a very popular way of communicating current news. You can blog using pictures and videos as well as words. A blog comprising videos is called a vlog, one comprising links is called a [8], or one comprising photos is called a [9] .

Deeplinking - Joel
Deeplinking is inserting a hyperlink into a webpage that points to a specific page or image within another website (a Deep Link), instead of that website's home page. The technologies behind the World Wide Web (http) make no distinction between hyperlinks and deep links. The distinction is one of usage.

Digital City - Sukhadev
A digital city refers to a locally focused online network, which delivers local (city-based) content such as community events, nightlife, localized yellow pages, entertainment, visitor's guide, and e-commerce. Some may be considered a Web portal.

(Barb) What is **Digital** **City**? - A Word Definition From the Webopedia Computer ...
This page describes the term Digital City and lists other pages on the Web where you can find ... choose one... All Categories Communications Computer Industry Companies Computer Science Data Graphics ...
  • webopedia.com/TERM/D/Digital_City.html

Folksonomy - Carley
There are several definitions of Folksonomy, but one of the best I've found is that it is a method of categorizing information in a collaborative and decentralized way. Those who participate will catagorize information according to their own point of view and agree to share their classification with others. Tag based systems such as del.icio.us are at the orgin of folksonomy. Tagging is done in a social environment, shared and open to others. Folksonomy emerges from a combination of two inventions: (1) machines that can automate at least some of what it takes to classify information and (2) social software that makes users willing to do at least some of the work for nothing. The value of external tagging comes from people using their own vocabulary and adding explicit meaning which may be derived from their understanding of the information or object. people are not so much categorizing, as providing a means to connect items ( placing hooks) and provide their meaning in their own understanding. Other examples of tag venues include: Flickr and Amazon.

Hyperlink - Barb

A hyperlink is a way to refer to another section of the same document. When using the computer, it is a way to instantly connect to another website. Hyperlinks can be used in almost any electronic media. An example of a hyperlink is http://www.bloglines.com/ There are a number of ways to format and present hyperlinks in hypermedia:.

[Sukhadev] A hypertext link; a graphic or text string which, when clicked, opens a new web page or jumps to a new location in the current page.

Linklog - Charity
One can save bookmarks to interesting websites and add a bit of commentary to create a lightweight linklog. Then, use linkrolls or the daily blog posting feature to include your del.icio.us bookmarks on your blog or website. Like a weblog, entries are listed in reverse chronological order. Unlike a weblog, though, postings are limited to just one link per posting and a title. Optionally, some further description or comment may be given.
An example of a linklog

Mashup - Charity
A mashup is a website or web application that combines content from more than one source. In music, a mashup is a musical genre of songs that consist entirely of parts of other songs.
The term mash-up refers to a new breed of Web-based applications created by hackers and programmers (typically on a volunteer basis) to mix at least two different services from Web sites. The term mash-up comes from the hip-hop music practice of mixing two or more songs.
An example of mashup
Mashup of the week podcast
Google Maps Mashup for K-12 Education
Seven Things You Should Know about Mapping Mashups (By Educause)
Web 2.0 Mashup Matrix
Article on Mashups and Copyright

Open Source
Podcast - Cindy
Definitions of Podcast on the Web:

    • Podcasting, a portmanteau of Apple's "iPod" and "broadcasting", is a method of publishing files to the Internet, allowing users to subscribe to a feed and receive new files automatically by subscription, usually at no cost. It first became popular in late 2004, used largely for audio files.

Refactoring - Carley
Refactoring in terms of a Wiki page mean making it easier to read without changing the meaning. Refactoring is synthesis; meaning you can replace a thread mode conversation with a monolog that says the same thing but preserves as much of the original text as possible. When you refactor you need to keep close to the ideas of the participants. Refactoring is editing.

RSS - Cody
RSS stands for... Well, that's where it gets a bit tricky. Some people use RSS to mean "Real Simple Syndication". Others use the term "Rich Site Summary". Whichever you chose to use the basic meaning behind the words is the same. RSS is a form of XML that allows syndication of news content and personal blogs. RSS in its original form was created by Netscape. Most of the weblogs available on the Internet use some sort of RSS feed. I even get an RSS feed of the Weather Channel's Local Forcast sent to my Bloglines account, so I can get the weather quickly with my news without having to jump windows. Metadata is used to create these lines of code for RSS.

Skype - Charity
Skype (rhymes with type) is a piece of software that allows you to make free calls to people all over the world. It is known for its many calling features, some of which are not available on the traditional phone. Skype makes some of its revenue on other features available, such as SkypeOut (call from Skype to traditional landlines or mobiles), Skypein (a phone number your friends and family can call and you answer in Skype, and Skype Voice mail (takes your calls when you are offline). Skype was founded in 2003 by Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis and is growing rapidly.
Skype users essentially make telephone calls and video calls through their computer using Skype software and the internet. This software is currently available free of charge and can be downloaded from the company website, Skype. There is a Skype forum available to discuss issues with Skype such as tool bar use.

Social Networking - Barb

Social Networking is a way for people to use the computer to connect to friends, family, business partners, classmates, or other individuals together. One example would be using **MySpace** to communicate with friends and family, or to meet new people with similar interests. In the traditional sense, social networking meant the people you were connected to in various ways had a maximum size of around 150 people. With networking on the computer, the number of people you can network with is a much greater number. For a list of networking links go to List of social networking . websites Social networking has influenced the spread of new ideas and practices. Another link for you to explore is online social networks .

Joel - Another great social networking website is http://www.facebook.com.

Web 2.0 - Cindy
Like many important concepts, Web 2.0 doesn't have a hard boundary, but rather, a gravitational core. You can visualize Web 2.0 as a set of principles and practices that tie together a veritable solar system of sites that demonstrate some or all of those principles, at a varying distance from that core.
external image figure1.jpg
Figure 1 shows a "meme map" of Web 2.0 that was developed at a brainstorming session during FOO Camp, a conference at O'Reilly Media. It's very much a work in progress, but shows the many ideas that radiate out from the Web 2.0 core.

Webopedia - Sukhadev
This is an online dictonary and a search engine you need for computer and internet technological definitions. Its an exceptional tool to learn from the basics to the latest terms used in computers world. For example let us see some terms which have different meanings in real world to that of computer world.
1. Seat - the installation of system memory or other modules or chips into a computer system. It can also be termed as the single client workstation in software lisensing.
2. Air gap - in computer networks an air gap is a type of security where the network is secured by keeping it seperate from other local networks and the internet. while this provides security it also limits the users to the network.